As Wikipedia describe, Vigipirate is a national security alert system divided in five (5) levels of threats represented by colors:
White: no danger
|Yellow: Vague threat / raise vigilance|
|Orange: Possible threat / prevent terrorist action|
|Red: High chance of threat / prevent serious attack|
|Scarlet: Definite threat / prevent major attack|
The venezuelan artist Miyo Van Stenis, with her work VIGIPIRATE2.0 (prototype), attacks the new political restrictions introduced in her country by Hugo Chavez in 2012. Vigipirate is an anti-terrorism system based on various levels of security. The artist works on the second level, “raise vigilance”, introducing data, informations and pictures in an Encrypted SD Card memory that could compromise this level according to the present norm applied in her country. This action could lead the artist to be accused of terrorism. The little drone Cheerson CX-10, which holds the encrypted sd card, becomes an epitome of freedom. This work is part of a series of projects, such as “The Revolution is printed all over me” (2014 -ongoing) and “La Meta es Desmontar la Simulacion” (2014- on going), that aim to expose and attack the injustice and the repressions of the present venezuelan government.
VIGIPIRATE (French: Plan Vigipirate) is France‘s national security alert system. Created in 1978 by President Valéry Giscard d’Estaing, it has since been updated three times: in 1995 (following a terror bombing campaign), 2000 and 2004. Source Wikipedia
We enter to an era where information transformed into data is the highest value of society. It seems pretty clear that technology is on the way to become what humans beings always desire. The future is here: Internet owns our life, there is no thing as privacy; be connected is a need at the point that we are capable to be biotech humans and most important, wars are directed by Drones.
I’ve been for a while searching how Drones can affect art or in other way how art can use or create drones prototypes for the artist needs. But as human being, I come from political, economic and cultural backgrounds that change in a few years not only my concept of democracy or freedom but also how I’ll survive. How my art will survive if tomorrow I become a terrorist for the only action of being free, for search freedom?
In 2012, Hugo Chavez presented a law that make every person against his government or his action in the power a “terrorist” or a “traitor to the homeland”, the foundations of this law are vague so the state can decide easily who can be judged. For 2014, Nicolas Maduro, member of the same political party adapt this intimidated law to a version that includes the artists or any “cultural promoter”.
I was born and raised in Caracas, Venezuela. I’m Caribbean, however I live in France with an status where I’m not a tourist, I’m not European, I’m not illegal still I’m not legal. Dealing with this reality I developed a project that allows me to understand not only how the concept of “terrorism” is managed in Europe, especially in France but also how these actions can be translated in Media Art.
LEVEL I – Prototype: http://vigipirate.miyovanstenis.com/level1.html
The small Drone prototype presented in this project represents the second level of security on the plan Vigipirate. The small object was intervene and inside contains an encrypted SD card memory with a collection of my artistic work, information, passwords, audio conversations, images and so on that I recollect when I was working between 2011-2013 for the Venezuelan Government … data that compromise me political and legal as Venezuelan laws describe any action against the government can be translated to an act of “terrorism” or “treason”; but outside of their range of power, I protect my work and content.
VIGIPIRATE CUADCOPTER DRONE PROJECT | PROTOTYPE 1.2.0
Selected by Kamilia Kard for INTERTNET DRONES
LEVEL II – Script / Algorithm: http://vigipirate.miyovanstenis.com/level2.html
Working since 2014, this algorithm is designed to recollect in real time images and videos from the web related to the Venezuelan political situation. Powered with Python Google search script, it’s fed by different search engines, this database holds the information timeline based on selected sources, metadata and hashtags published on the mainstream media. This script seek reliable information on the major crisis which is tearing this country apart; the artist confides that numerous Fake News would be regularly broadcast.
LEVEL III – Hardware modification: http://vigipirate.miyovanstenis.com/level3.html
Define drone protocols, scripts and Hardware modification
The red level correspond to the Quadcopter Drone F14892-B in which all the information gleaned is archived in a dependable wireless storage protected in the drone.
LEVEL IV – Vigipirate protocol:
The scarlet level, the last and most severe turns out to be an order designed to PIC (pilot in command) the drone via SMS, if the artist feels in danger, will order the drones to take off. The Drone is equipped with a Flysky FS-i6 transmisor and a GPS APM 2.8 and receives waypoints via SMS text message, compiles the “mission” without any user intervention. Mission waypoints are defined by the drone which processes data during flight and communicates to an app (Android) on the phone that use it as “ground station” (powered by ADRpy – Aircraft Design Recipes in Python, CASCADE project public code) to send the final location coordinates.